Factoids

HeartLand Tour “Factoids”


In Canada, in 1998, the Total Costs for CV Disease per year was 18.5 Billion dollars

  • 6.8 Billion on direct cost (Hospitals etc.)
  • 11.7 Billion on Indirect costs (Disability etc.)

From 1998 to 2008, costs have Increased 105% – From CIHR 2009– Canadian Institute for Health Research

In Nova Scotia, 3 Billion ($ 3,000,000,000) per year is spent in the management of chronic diseases and lost productivity as the result of disability, work restriction and absenteeism

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in Nova Scotia. Cancer has become the leading cause of death Nationally –This is the result of lowering death from heart attack. All of this means even greater cost to manage patients living with Cardiovascular disease.


Some areas of Nova Scotia have the worst rates of death from stroke in Canada. With this death rate occurring within 30 days of having the stroke. Of the annual 1500 strokes, 50% of those who survive will require long term care


Lifetime risk of Cardiovascular Disease:

  • 1 in 2 for men
  • 1 in 3 for women (Put into Perspective ~that’s a 10X Higher chance of a woman developing Cardiovascular Disease than Breast Cancer)

Risk Factors for Heart and Vascular Disease:

    • Non Modifiable (Can’t Change) …
      • Age
      • Male sex
      • Family history

 

  • Modifiable (Must Change) …
    • Smoking
    • High Blood
    • High cholesterol
    • Diabetes mellitus
    • Obesity
    • Sedentary life style

Many of these risk factors are the same for several forms of Cancer.


We are in a “Perfect Storm Situation” …

  • Lowering Mortality for Heat Attack
  • Aging Population – “Baby Boomers”
  • Living Longer with Disease and Risk
  • Exponential Risk Growth in Population (Particularly Youth!!)

From 1994 to 2005 – in our “Youth” (broad definition) – there has been a:

127% Increase in High Blood Pressure in people 35-49 years old

261% Increase in High Blood Pressure in people 12-34 years of age !!!!

20% Increase in Obesity in each of those age groups

Second highest Increase in Diabetes is in these groups(70%!!)

Increased risk in those 50 years and older as well – not as dramatic – but baseline higher!


The only success story over that time is a 21-28% Reduction in Smoking across all Age groups (although some feel it is rising again in teens – no Data). Data from Canadian Medical Association Review – CMAJ – August 2009


Positive Changes in Life Style (That being Nutrition and Physical Activity) can:

Lower most risk factors to a similar degree as any single medication! – Data from Hearts in Motion and various Studies

Moderate Physical Activity Maintained over time will lower all causes (medical) of annual death rate by 12+% per year!– Data from CACR

Lower relative risk of recurrent colon cancer by up to 55% at 2 yr follow-up! – Data from study out of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Boston – 850 people with Stage 3 Colon CA